Nobel Prize in Physics jointly awarded to trio of laser physics inventors

2018 Nobel Prize in Physics: Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland win for laser inventions

2018 Nobel Prize in Physics: Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland win for laser inventions

"I thought there might have been more", said Strickland during a call with the press following the announcement of this year's winners. Early on in his career at Bell Labs, he didn't get a raise and was anxious he would be fired after his research didn't pan out. It is used most frequently in laser eye surgery, but there are many other applications, including in ultra-fast cameras used for imaging molecular processes.

It will be the first time the Nobel Prize for literature has not been awarded since World War Two.

At 96, Ashkin is the oldest ever Nobel prize victor, but he is still busy with fresh research.

The inventions being honored this year have revolutionised laser physics.

The technology is said to be useful in laser machining.

Arthur Ashkin, from the USA, was awarded half the £770,000 (9 million Swedish kronor) prize, with the other half shared by Gerard Mourou of France and Canadian Donna Strickland.

In May, the academy announced that no prize would be awarded this year.

"This is now a development that we can already see could be of importance for cancer therapy", said Mats Larsson, a member of the physics Nobel committee.

In doing so, he invented the optical tweezers that are today used to grab particles, atoms, viruses and living cells with their laser-based pincers.

He says the focus the Nobel Prize brings to the university's lab will enhance its already solid reputation.

40 minutes of Tom Hardy's favourite scenes were cut from 'Venom'
We maintain high hopes for a sequel, although with an opening this lack-lustre, Sony might just hit the reset button once more. There's another bit of footage included right before the credits finish rolling but it's not part of the Venom movie .

"The inventions being honoured this year have revolutionised laser physics", the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said.

Donna Strickland, a Canadian physicist, was awarded the 2018 prize jointly with Gérard Mourou, from France, for their work on generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses. "Mourou and Strickland did much of their groundbreaking work together at the University of Rochester in the United States".

She admits the scientific community has made some progress on the gender gap - "schemes to support women in their return from maternity leave, shared parental leave, policies to prevent sexual harassment and bullying" - but the playing field is still far from even.

She became emotional when told she was only the third to have won the physics prize - the first being Marie Curie in 1903, while Maria Goeppert Mayer won in 1963.

Arnault is married to a member of the Swedish Academy which selects the Nobel Literature Prize victor, with the scandal prompting the postponement of this year's award.

"Sometimes people are looking in their own echo chamber, but the excuse of 'oh, we couldn't find any women (to reward)' doesn't wash anymore".

Donna Strickland of the University of Waterloo in Ontariois the first woman to have won a Nobel in three years and is only the third to have won for physics.

The winners of the chemistry prize will be announced on Wednesday, followed by the peace prize on Friday.

With the exception of economics, the prizes were endowed by Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel (1833-96), the inventor of dynamite.

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